Medio Ambiente

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Responsables del Departamento

  • D. Antonio Gallardo Campos
  • D. Cristóbal David  de Vera Cabrera

Investigadores:

  • D. Domingo Alonso Betancor
  • Dña. Ana Martín Bethencourt
  • Dña. Yohama Enriquez López
  • Dña. Natalia Evora Soto
  • Dña. Gemma Mosquera Paz
  • Dr. Stephanm Scholz
  • D. Agustin Castañeyra Ruiz
  • D. Cesar Palacios
  • D. Cristóbal  de Vera Cabrera

Proyectos de Investigación

Concesión de Ayudas de la Unión Europea para el desarrollo del LIFE “ Conservación del Guirre en Zepa de Fuerteventura” LIFE04NAT/E/000067

Fecha de inicio: 01 de septiembre de 2004  Fecha de Finalización: 31 de agosto de 2008

Director del Proyecto desde julio 2007: Cristóbal de Vera Cabrera
Directora del Proyecto desde noviembre de 2004 a junio de 2007: Natalia Évora Soto


Título del proyecto

LA CONSERVACIÓN DEL GUIRRE EN ZEPA DE FUERTEVENTURA

Objetivos: El alimoche (Neophron percnopterus) está incluido en el Anexo I de la Directiva 79/409/CEE, catalogado como "Vulnerable" en España (Real Decreto 439/90) y declarado "En peligro de extinción" en Canarias (Decreto 151/2001). En Europa es un ave escasa (1.800 parejas) con una distribución irregular, limitada a la región mediterránea. Ha sufrido un marcado declive poblacional a lo largo del siglo XX. La población española, con unas 1.500 parejas, representa el 83 % de la población europea. La isla de Fuerteventura alberga la población más meridional en la Unión Europea y la única perteneciente a la subespecie canaria (N. p. majorensis), con sólo 150 individuos. Este proyecto propone actuar en cinco ZEPA de la isla, donde nidifica el 58 % de toda la población del archipiélago y el 62 % de la de Fuerteventura. El objetivo es detener su acusado retroceso poblacional (el 30 % en los últimos 20 años) e impedir su extinción.
Paralelamente, las mejoras propuestas beneficiarán a una serie de aves esteparias consideradas “de interés especial” por la Unión Europea como hubara y corredor sahariano. 

Acciones y medidas propuestas 

Accidentes en líneas eléctricas (electrocución y colisión), envenenamientos ilegales e intoxicación por plomo de caza son las principales causas de mortalidad adulta y juvenil. Las molestias humanas en las áreas de cría ocasionan numerosos fracasos reproductivos. El deterioro del hábitat y modernización de las explotaciones ganaderas determinan un descenso en la disponibilidad de alimento (carroñas), haciendo que los territorios abandonados sean poco atractivos para potenciales colonizaciones de la población flotante.
Se pretende: Reducir la mortalidad adulta y juvenil ocasionada por electrocución y colisión en líneas eléctricas, envenenamiento e intoxicación por plomo. Aumentar la productividad de la población regional reduciendo las molestias humanas en las áreas de nidificación durante el período crítico (febrero-julio).
Conservar el hábitat protegiendo las zonas de cría, evitando la transformación del medio y aumentando la disponibilidad de recursos alimenticios instalando y gestionando comederos para aves carroñeras. Informar y sensibilizar a la opinión pública sobre la situación crítica de la especie en Fuerteventura y las medidas previstas para su recuperación.

Acciones previstas:

Elaboración y aprobación del Plan de Recuperación del Alimoche canario.

 Modificaciones en los tendidos eléctricos.

Reducción de los fracasos reproductivos mediante vigilancia de las áreas de cría y regulación de las actividades de caza, fotografía, observación, excursionismo y turismo. Análisis del impacto producido por la construcción y uso de infraestructuras, y elaboración de propuestas con el objetivo de paliar dichos impactos.

Aumento de la disponibilidad de alimento mediante la instalación de comederos controlados para aves carroñeras, en colaboración con los ganaderos locales.

Creación de un “stock genético” con aves irrecuperables.
                               
Desarrollo de campañas de sensibilización de la opinión pública mediante la edición de material divulgativo y de actividades específicas dirigidas a distintos sectores de la población local.

Resultados previstos:

Recuperación de la población reproductora y aumento de la productividad.

Restablecimiento del equilibrio demográfico entre mortalidad adulta y tasa de reposición.

Mejora del hábitat de las ZEPA reduciendo la mortalidad por tendidos eléctricos en especies protegidas.

Adquisición de experiencia en el manejo de hábitats desérticos.

Plataforma de  Zifios
Jornadas de Medio Ambiente
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología
Revista de Medio Ambiente